Monday, August 23, 2004

Births by Geography


I have someone looking for number of births annually, 1977 - 2004, at the community level of geography (FSA? CMA?) for Newfoundland. I was able to find the data by CSD in CANSIM. Is there data available at a lower level through DLI?


Canada Health has a publication titled General Summary of Vital Statistics by Local Area which has live births by province, counties, census divisions and districts and urban places for Canada.

This only goes to 2001 for the paper version (Catalogue no. 84F0001XPB). The internet versions for 2000 to 2002 might be released at the end of the fall. This catalogue goes back to at least 1975 and is available through the DSP.

We only have the data by what I described above or by CD and CSD's. We could also do it by FSA (Forward sortation area) as a custom tabulation, but there are so many suppressions at that small level, that the client might not have a lot of data for his money.

Also, if the client wants a custom tabulation done, for the number of years they require, the price would be around $3,000 or more and the waiting period for our custom tabulations is up to October as of now. We try to get them done as quickly as possible, but we cannot promise sooner than that.

Wednesday, August 18, 2004

Crime Point Locations


Does anyone know if any government department or agency in Canada releases point locations of crimes committed as lat/long coordinates?


From Justice Division:

"We have never collected this type of information and we have no intention of collecting this location of crime data in the future. We only collect data by police department.That is the lowest level of detail we collect crime data for.

The only thing I can think of if a crime is committed in any major city, they may be able to do their own calculation as to what the latitude and longitude of that city where the crime was committed.Then then can get the crimes committed in each city to match the latitude and longitude of that city."

Tuesday, August 17, 2004

Percentage of People Below Poverty Line


A faculty member here wants the percent of people below the poverty line in Canada and the provinces back as far as possible (ideally to the 50s, but he would be satisfied with as far back as possible).

I found an article on the Stats. Can. site entitled "On Poverty and Low Income" (,
which I printed up for him. Essentially it states that the only thing that Stats Can does is Low Income Cut-off data, which is very different than poverty line. We found data in CANSIM based on the Low Income Cut-Offs that goes back to 1980. I also found a Low Income Cut-Off variable in the Annual Survey of Consumer Finance (SCF) which would take him back to 1973.

I also found the Canadian Social Research Links Poverty Measures Web site
which I also referred him to. This site discusses different measures of poverty in Canada.

Is there anything obvious that I am missing, or have I covered all bases?


1) From Income division:

Consumer Income and Expenditure Division Un-catalogued (Window Cover) Publication, Released December 17, 1973: History of LICOs

LICOs were initially developed for the 1961 Census Monograph (Catalogue 99-544) "Income of Canadians" and were later used by the Economic Council of Canada in the 5th and 6th Annual Reviews. These lines were originally set at $1,500, $2,500, $3000, $3,500, and $4,000 for families of sizes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5+ respectively for 1961. Each year since 1961, these cut-offs have been updated by the CPI and the characteristics of the low income population defined by the resulting cut-offs have been presented and analysed in various reports produced by the Consumer and Expenditure Division.

Note 1: The Consumer and Expenditure Division Publication 13-207, Annual since 1971, page 72, Table 53 provides the incidence of low income among families and unattached individuals by province of residence.

Note 2: There was a paper note in the ISD binder indicating that the following low income publications, Catalogue 13-536 (1967) and Catalogue 13-553 (1969) were borrowed in the past, unfortunately, they are still missing. The content would have to be confirmed and provided by our STC Library if they still have a copy.

Consumer Income and Expenditure Division Un-catalogued (Window Cover) Publication, Released January 1986: Background

STC's LICOs were introduced in 1968 on 1961 Census income data and 1959 national family expenditure patterns. (National FMX data have only been produced for 1959, 1969 and 1978. Between these years the cut-offs could only be updated through the use of the CPI). They were updated each year from 1961 based on price changes as reflected in the CPI, and were revised in 1973 based on the next national expenditure survey, which had been taken for 1969.

2) You may also want to try this free STC publication, it is a "classic" on the subject:

Friday, August 13, 2004

Historical Input-Output Tables


I have a patron who wants historical input-output tables by province between 1980 and 1997. There is no trouble finding canada I/O data, but the provinces seem elusive prior to 1997.

I know that it is muggy in most areas of the country, but does anyone have any ideas on the best place to find these stats?


Statistics Canada has provincial I/O Tables for the years 1997-2000 only. They are available on CANSIM in tables 381-0012 & 381-0013. These tables are also available in publication 15-201-XIE.

Thursday, August 12, 2004

Universities: Enrollment & Degrees


Is the following available through DLI? I can't find record of it anywhere on the StatCan site, and our Library Catalogue indicates the print publication ended in 1991.

Catalogue No. 81-204, Universities: Enrollment and Degrees -- Table 12: Enrolment by Level, Home Province of Canadians and Permanent Residents, Province of Study, Registration Status and Sex, for the most current two years.


I believe that the information you are looking for is not available via the DLI but from STC Centre for Education Statistics directly. In July I sent out the message below that I had received from them about their latest release on university enrolments. I have also included the link to the Daily that they mentioned in this news release. If the product they mention that is available to download does not meet your needs then you should contact the division directly.

Previous message:


Data on university enrolments will be released on Friday, July 30, 2004 in the Statistics Canada Daily.

The Daily can be downloaded at no charge from the Statistics Canada website.

The following variables will be available:

* Province of study*
* Institution of study
* Gender
* Age
* Mother tongue
* Province or state of permanent address
* Immigration status of student
* Country of citizenship
* Student registration status*
* Field of study (Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP))*
* Program level*

Data for variables marked with an asterisk (*) above will be available in the CANSIM table 477-0011.

To preserve confidentiality, the available data will be rounded to the nearest five (5) and figures below five (5) will be identified as

University enrolment data for 2001-2002 are obtained using information from the Enhanced Student Information System and the University Student Information System.

Preliminary data on university enrolment for 1999-2000 and 2000-2001 were previously released in The Daily on March 31 and April 17, 2003. This release provides the final data for the same periods.

Data on Field of Study are coded according to the new Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP). Before the ESIS was implemented, the Postsecondary Education and Adult Learning Section of the Centre for Education Statistics (CES) used the University Student Information System (USIS) for fields of study at the university level. USIS-to-CIP and CIP-to-USIS conversion tables are available on request.

Data on education levels, citizenship and immigration status were coded using the new classifications in the Enhanced Student Information System (ESIS). Conversion tables are also available for these variables.

For the purposes of the release, a foreign student is defined as a non-Canadian student who does not have "permanent resident" status and has had to obtain the authorization of the Canadian government to enter Canada with the intention of pursuing an education.

Historical data on enrolments for 1992-1993 to 2001-2002 were converted using ESIS variable definitions and code sets, so as to maintain the historical continuity of the statistical series.

You may also wish to look at:

Chapter D: Postsecondary education are the tables in .xls

Some updated tables:

Tuesday, August 10, 2004

Generation Definition


A researcher would like more details concerning the definition of "generation status". Here is the definition in the census dictionary:

Generation status of the respondent, i.e. "1st", "2nd" or "3rd" + generation, refers to whether the respondent or the respondent's parents were born in or outside Canada.

I'm probably missing something but how do they know if they are the 3rd generation living in Canada?

I'm assuming they use answers on grand-children (3rd generation), children (2nd generation) and parents (1st generation).

Is this answer derived from other questions?


Census questions on birthplace of parents and birthplace of respondent are used to define the first, second and third-plus generations in Canada. Data on generational status refers to the population aged 15 and over, as the 2001 parental birthplace question is asked only of this population.

First generation refers to people aged 15 years and over who were born outside Canada, that is the foreign-born. For the most part, these are people who are now, or once were immigrants to Canada. Included in the foreign-born are a small number of people born outside Canada to parents who are Canadian citizens by birth. In addition, non-permanent residents are included in the foreign-born in this study for the 2001 Census. (Non-permanent residents were not
enumerated in the 1971 Census.) Non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country in Canada at the time of the Census on employment and student authorizations, MinisterĂ¢€™s permits and refugee claimants, as well as any family member living with these temporary residents.

Second generation refers to people aged 15 years and over who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. These are the adult children of immigrants. The definition of second generation does not distinguish whether it was the mother or father who was foreign-born.

Third-plus generation refers to people aged 15 years and over who were born in Canada and their parents were born in Canada. As such this group can be described as the third and subsequent generations.

Place of birth (including Canada) is based on current national boundary.

Thursday, August 5, 2004

Foreign Students Entering or Residing in Canada


I am looking for the numbers of international students entering and/or residing in Canada by year and country of citizenship. CIC has these numbers, but the ones I have been able to find are either aggregated or include only the top ten source countries.


Education can provide international students enrollments by institution and province, ft/pt, etc.
They don't have the data published so you have to contact them directly for it.

Provincial Statistics on Urban and Rural Population Counts


I'm looking for provincial statistics on urban and rural population counts. I found this table in CANSIM (terminated table which ends in 1971) but I was wondering if we can get the same statistics between 1971-2001?

Table 075-0010 - Historical statistics, urban and rural population, every 10 years (Persons)


If you just want provincial level totals, have a look at the National Overview pubs, otherwise you may have to go through census by census.

National Overview Publications:
2001 Census 93-360 Table 9(Can prov CMA) or Table 10 (Can prov CD CSD), 1996 Census pub 93-357, 1986 Census pub 93-301, etc.

If you need this electronically for the later census years, GeoSuite can again help, bearing in mind the urban rural flags for the pop counts are at extremely low levels of geo (eg. EAs for 96 and blocks for 2001).

Wednesday, August 4, 2004

EA concordance file


Is there a EA concordance file for 1996 and 1991 that has been produced by Stat Can?


Yes there is a concordance file, you can get it using the 1996 Geosuite. If you go in under Name search, use Canada, then ask for the EACorr on the next window you get the concordance list, it can be exported as a text file(or Lotus or Excel.)